Investigation of Growth and Phenology of Main Crop and Ratoon of Rice Cultivars in Differents Cropping Systems

Document Type : Research Article


1 Postdoctoral Research Scholar, Department of Genetic Engineering and Biosafety, Agricultural Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran (ABRII), Karaj

2 Professor, Department of Agronomy, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Associated Professor, Department of Agronomy, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran

4 Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Science, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran


This experiment was carried out with aim of evaluation of phenological traits of main crop and ratoon of rice in cropping system, as split plot in randomized complete blocks design with four replications at Neka, Mazandaran, Iran in 2011 and 2012. Planting systems were chosen as main plots (Conventional, Improved and SRI or System of Rice Intensification) and rice cultivars as sub plots (Sang Tarom, Tarom Hashemi, Neda and Shiroodi). The results showed that in conventional system the growth stage was longer and delay to enter there productive phase led to reduction of paddy yeild of main crop and ratoon. In SRI,create optimal conditions for growth cause to increase yield. The most paddy yield of main crop was produced for Neda and Shiroodi cultivars. Paddy yield of ratoon for Tarom Hashemi cultivar was 7.53 % more than Sang Tarom cultivar. The maximum paddy yield of main crop was obtained at interaction of SRI and Neda cultivar. The most harvest index of main crop was achieved at interaction of SRI and Shiroodi cultivar. The highest harvest index of ratoon crop was observed at interaction of SRI and improved systems for Tarom Hashemi cultivar. Therfore, rice cultivars planting in SRI had the higher efficiencythan improved and conventional systems.


Main Subjects

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